Climate Agreements in a Mitigation-Adaption Game
We analyze the strategic interaction between mitigation (public good) and adaptation (private good) strategies in a climate agreement. We show the fear that adaptation will reduce the incentives to mitigate carbon emissions may be unwarranted. Adaptation can lead to larger self-enforcing agreements, associated with higher global mitigation levels and welfare if it causes mitigation levels between diﬀerent countries to be no longer strategic substitutes but complements. We argue that our results extend to many public goods. The well-known problem of ”easy riding” may turn into ”easy matching” if the marginal utility of public good consumption is strongly inﬂuenced by private consumption.
Bayramoglu, B., Finus, M. und Jacques, J.-F. (2018): Climate Agreements in a Mitigation-Adaptation Game, in: Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 165, pp. 101-113, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2018.07.005.
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